Diseases are defined as any particular abnormal condition of the human beings and a disorder of the supposedly normal function or structures, which tends to affect a specific part or all parts of an organism. Diseases does not only affect the people physically, but it can also affect them emotionally, which is why the people who have diseases are fragile and needs to be taken care of by the medical practitioners, and their families, friends and love ones. The various types and classifications of diseases are infectious diseases, airborne diseases, lifestyle diseases, foodborne diseases, deficiency diseases, communicable diseases, non-communicable diseases, genetic diseases, and physiological diseases. There are basically a lot of different diseases, and the diseases that are recognized as the most deadliest are the coronary artery disease or blood flow obstruction, the cerebrovascular diseases, and the lower respiratory tract infections.
A synonym that is commonly used by the people that refers to pneumonia or several other types of lung infections, such as lung abscess and acute bronchitis, is the LRTI or the lower respiratory tract infection, and the antibiotics are considered as the first line of treatment of LRTI. The various symptoms of the lower respiratory tract infection include weakness, fever, fatigue, shortness of breath, and coughing. Some of the various causes of LRTI or lower respiratory tract infection include viral infections, such as human respiratory syncytial virus, influenza, adenovirus, and human parainfluenza viruses; bronchitis, which is described as the inflammation or the swelling of the bronchial tubes; pneumonia, which is caused by pneumococcal bacteria; and parasitic infections, such as respiratory cryptosporidiosis.
The coronary artery disease or shortened as CAD, is also known as IHD or ischemic heart disease, and it is defined as a group of diseases that includes sudden cardiac arrest, unstable angina, stable angina, and myocardial infarction. The various symptoms of CAD include chest discomfort or chest pain that tends to travel into the neck, jaw, back, shoulder and arm of the patient; irregular heartbeat or heart failure; exercise or emotional stress; and shortness of breath. The various treatments and management of CAD include changing of lifestyle; coronary interventions, like coronary stent and angioplasty; surgeries, like CABG or coronary artery bypass grafting; and medical treatments or medications, like beta-blockers, nitroglycerin, calcium antagonists, aspirin, and cholesterol lowering medications.
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The cerebrovascular disease can also be called as stroke, and it is defined as a vascular disease that can affect the cerebral circulation, which includes the arteries. There are three primary types of stroke, namely the transient ischemic attack or the TIA, the ischemic stroke, and the subarachnoid heamorrahage, and the different causes of such disease include embolism, aneurysms, atherosclerosis, and low flow states. The various treatment and management of cerebrovascular diseases include surgery, such as vascular surgery and endovascular surgery; changes in lifestyle activities; and medications, such as blood thinners, antihypertensive, antiplatelet, and anti-diabetic medications.The Essentials of Options – The Basics